class numpy.matrix[source]

Returns a matrix from an array-like object, or from a string of data. A matrix is a specialized 2-D array that retains its 2-D nature through operations. It has certain special operators, such as * (matrix multiplication) and ** (matrix power).


data : array_like or string

If data is a string, it is interpreted as a matrix with commas or spaces separating columns, and semicolons separating rows.

dtype : data-type

Data-type of the output matrix.

copy : bool

If data is already an ndarray, then this flag determines whether the data is copied (the default), or whether a view is constructed.

See also



>>> a = np.matrix('1 2; 3 4')
>>> print a
[[1 2]
 [3 4]]
>>> np.matrix([[1, 2], [3, 4]])
matrix([[1, 2],
        [3, 4]])


A Return self as an ndarray object.
A1 Return self as a flattened ndarray.
H Returns the (complex) conjugate transpose of self.
I Returns the (multiplicative) inverse of invertible self.
T Returns the transpose of the matrix.
base Base object if memory is from some other object.
ctypes An object to simplify the interaction of the array with the ctypes module.
data Python buffer object pointing to the start of the array’s data.
dtype Data-type of the array’s elements.
flags Information about the memory layout of the array.
flat A 1-D iterator over the array.
imag The imaginary part of the array.
itemsize Length of one array element in bytes.
nbytes Total bytes consumed by the elements of the array.
ndim Number of array dimensions.
real The real part of the array.
shape Tuple of array dimensions.
size Number of elements in the array.
strides Tuple of bytes to step in each dimension when traversing an array.


all([axis, out]) Test whether all matrix elements along a given axis evaluate to True.
any([axis, out]) Test whether any array element along a given axis evaluates to True.
argmax([axis, out]) Indices of the maximum values along an axis.
argmin([axis, out]) Return the indices of the minimum values along an axis.
argpartition(kth[, axis, kind, order]) Returns the indices that would partition this array.
argsort([axis, kind, order]) Returns the indices that would sort this array.
astype(dtype[, order, casting, subok, copy]) Copy of the array, cast to a specified type.
byteswap(inplace) Swap the bytes of the array elements Toggle between low-endian and big-endian data representation by returning a byteswapped array, optionally swapped in-place.
choose(choices[, out, mode]) Use an index array to construct a new array from a set of choices.
clip([min, max, out]) Return an array whose values are limited to [min, max].
compress(condition[, axis, out]) Return selected slices of this array along given axis.
conj() Complex-conjugate all elements.
conjugate() Return the complex conjugate, element-wise.
copy([order]) Return a copy of the array.
cumprod([axis, dtype, out]) Return the cumulative product of the elements along the given axis.
cumsum([axis, dtype, out]) Return the cumulative sum of the elements along the given axis.
diagonal([offset, axis1, axis2]) Return specified diagonals.
dot(b[, out]) Dot product of two arrays.
dump(file) Dump a pickle of the array to the specified file.
dumps() Returns the pickle of the array as a string.
fill(value) Fill the array with a scalar value.
flatten([order]) Return a flattened copy of the matrix.
getA() Return self as an ndarray object.
getA1() Return self as a flattened ndarray.
getH() Returns the (complex) conjugate transpose of self.
getI() Returns the (multiplicative) inverse of invertible self.
getT() Returns the transpose of the matrix.
getfield(dtype[, offset]) Returns a field of the given array as a certain type.
item(*args) Copy an element of an array to a standard Python scalar and return it.
itemset(*args) Insert scalar into an array (scalar is cast to array’s dtype, if possible) There must be at least 1 argument, and define the last argument as item.
max([axis, out]) Return the maximum value along an axis.
mean([axis, dtype, out]) Returns the average of the matrix elements along the given axis.
min([axis, out]) Return the minimum value along an axis.
newbyteorder([new_order]) Return the array with the same data viewed with a different byte order.
nonzero() Return the indices of the elements that are non-zero.
partition(kth[, axis, kind, order]) Rearranges the elements in the array in such a way that value of the element in kth position is in the position it would be in a sorted array.
prod([axis, dtype, out]) Return the product of the array elements over the given axis.
ptp([axis, out]) Peak-to-peak (maximum - minimum) value along the given axis.
put(indices, values[, mode]) Set a.flat[n] = values[n] for all n in indices.
ravel([order]) Return a flattened matrix.
repeat(repeats[, axis]) Repeat elements of an array.
reshape(shape[, order]) Returns an array containing the same data with a new shape.
resize(new_shape[, refcheck]) Change shape and size of array in-place.
round([decimals, out]) Return a with each element rounded to the given number of decimals.
searchsorted(v[, side, sorter]) Find indices where elements of v should be inserted in a to maintain order.
setfield(val, dtype[, offset]) Put a value into a specified place in a field defined by a data-type.
setflags([write, align, uic]) Set array flags WRITEABLE, ALIGNED, and UPDATEIFCOPY, respectively.
sort([axis, kind, order]) Sort an array, in-place.
squeeze([axis]) Return a possibly reshaped matrix.
std([axis, dtype, out, ddof]) Return the standard deviation of the array elements along the given axis.
sum([axis, dtype, out]) Returns the sum of the matrix elements, along the given axis.
swapaxes(axis1, axis2) Return a view of the array with axis1 and axis2 interchanged.
take(indices[, axis, out, mode]) Return an array formed from the elements of a at the given indices.
tobytes([order]) Construct Python bytes containing the raw data bytes in the array.
tofile(fid[, sep, format]) Write array to a file as text or binary (default).
tolist() Return the matrix as a (possibly nested) list.
tostring([order]) Construct Python bytes containing the raw data bytes in the array.
trace([offset, axis1, axis2, dtype, out]) Return the sum along diagonals of the array.
transpose(*axes) Returns a view of the array with axes transposed.
var([axis, dtype, out, ddof]) Returns the variance of the matrix elements, along the given axis.
view([dtype, type]) New view of array with the same data.

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