scipy.special.ncfdtr(dfn, dfd, nc, f, out=None) = <ufunc 'ncfdtr'>#

Cumulative distribution function of the non-central F distribution.

The non-central F describes the distribution of,

\[Z = \frac{X/d_n}{Y/d_d}\]

where \(X\) and \(Y\) are independently distributed, with \(X\) distributed non-central \(\chi^2\) with noncentrality parameter nc and \(d_n\) degrees of freedom, and \(Y\) distributed \(\chi^2\) with \(d_d\) degrees of freedom.


Degrees of freedom of the numerator sum of squares. Range (0, inf).


Degrees of freedom of the denominator sum of squares. Range (0, inf).


Noncentrality parameter. Should be in range (0, 1e4).


Quantiles, i.e. the upper limit of integration.

outndarray, optional

Optional output array for the function results

cdfscalar or ndarray

The calculated CDF. If all inputs are scalar, the return will be a float. Otherwise it will be an array.

See also


Quantile function; inverse of ncfdtr with respect to f.


Inverse of ncfdtr with respect to dfd.


Inverse of ncfdtr with respect to dfn.


Inverse of ncfdtr with respect to nc.


Wrapper for the CDFLIB [1] Fortran routine cdffnc.

The cumulative distribution function is computed using Formula 26.6.20 of [2]:

\[F(d_n, d_d, n_c, f) = \sum_{j=0}^\infty e^{-n_c/2} \frac{(n_c/2)^j}{j!} I_{x}(\frac{d_n}{2} + j, \frac{d_d}{2}),\]

where \(I\) is the regularized incomplete beta function, and \(x = f d_n/(f d_n + d_d)\).

The computation time required for this routine is proportional to the noncentrality parameter nc. Very large values of this parameter can consume immense computer resources. This is why the search range is bounded by 10,000.



Barry Brown, James Lovato, and Kathy Russell, CDFLIB: Library of Fortran Routines for Cumulative Distribution Functions, Inverses, and Other Parameters.


Milton Abramowitz and Irene A. Stegun, eds. Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas, Graphs, and Mathematical Tables. New York: Dover, 1972.


>>> import numpy as np
>>> from scipy import special
>>> from scipy import stats
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

Plot the CDF of the non-central F distribution, for nc=0. Compare with the F-distribution from scipy.stats:

>>> x = np.linspace(-1, 8, num=500)
>>> dfn = 3
>>> dfd = 2
>>> ncf_stats = stats.f.cdf(x, dfn, dfd)
>>> ncf_special = special.ncfdtr(dfn, dfd, 0, x)
>>> fig = plt.figure()
>>> ax = fig.add_subplot(111)
>>> ax.plot(x, ncf_stats, 'b-', lw=3)
>>> ax.plot(x, ncf_special, 'r-')