# scipy.special.gammaincc#

scipy.special.gammaincc(a, x, out=None) = <ufunc 'gammaincc'>#

Regularized upper incomplete gamma function.

It is defined as

$Q(a, x) = \frac{1}{\Gamma(a)} \int_x^\infty t^{a - 1}e^{-t} dt$

for $$a > 0$$ and $$x \geq 0$$. See [dlmf] for details.

Parameters:
aarray_like

Positive parameter

xarray_like

Nonnegative argument

outndarray, optional

Optional output array for the function values

Returns:
scalar or ndarray

Values of the upper incomplete gamma function

gammainc

regularized lower incomplete gamma function

gammaincinv

inverse of the regularized lower incomplete gamma function

gammainccinv

inverse of the regularized upper incomplete gamma function

Notes

The function satisfies the relation gammainc(a, x) + gammaincc(a, x) = 1 where gammainc is the regularized lower incomplete gamma function.

The implementation largely follows that of [boost].

References

[dlmf]

NIST Digital Library of Mathematical functions https://dlmf.nist.gov/8.2#E4

Examples

>>> import scipy.special as sc


It is the survival function of the gamma distribution, so it starts at 1 and monotonically decreases to 0.

>>> sc.gammaincc(0.5, [0, 1, 10, 100, 1000])
array([1.00000000e+00, 1.57299207e-01, 7.74421643e-06, 2.08848758e-45,
0.00000000e+00])


It is equal to one minus the lower incomplete gamma function.

>>> a, x = 0.5, 0.4
>>> sc.gammaincc(a, x)
0.37109336952269756
>>> 1 - sc.gammainc(a, x)
0.37109336952269756