scipy.linalg.issymmetric(a, atol=None, rtol=None)#

Check if a square 2D array is symmetric.


Input array of size (N, N).

atolfloat, optional

Absolute error bound

rtolfloat, optional

Relative error bound


Returns True if the array symmetric.


If the dtype of the array is not supported, in particular, NumPy float16, float128 and complex256 dtypes for exact comparisons.

See also


Check if a square 2D array is Hermitian


For square empty arrays the result is returned True by convention. Complex valued arrays are tested for symmetricity and not for being Hermitian (see examples)

The diagonal of the array is not scanned. Thus if there are infs, NaNs or similar problematic entries on the diagonal, they will be ignored. However, numpy.inf will be treated as a number, that is to say [[1, inf], [inf, 2]] will return True. On the other hand numpy.nan is never symmetric, say, [[1, nan], [nan, 2]] will return False.

When atol and/or rtol are set to , then the comparison is performed by numpy.allclose and the tolerance values are passed to it. Otherwise an exact comparison against zero is performed by internal functions. Hence performance can improve or degrade depending on the size and dtype of the array. If one of atol or rtol given the other one is automatically set to zero.


>>> import numpy as np
>>> from scipy.linalg import issymmetric
>>> A = np.arange(9).reshape(3, 3)
>>> A = A + A.T
>>> issymmetric(A)
>>> Ac = np.array([[1. + 1.j, 3.j], [3.j, 2.]])
>>> issymmetric(Ac)  # not Hermitian but symmetric