sin(x, /, out=None, *, where=True, casting='same_kind', order='K', dtype=None, subok=True[, signature, extobj]) = <ufunc 'sin'>¶
Trigonometric sine, element-wise.
- x : array_like
Angle, in radians ( rad equals 360 degrees).
- out : ndarray, None, or tuple of ndarray and None, optional
A location into which the result is stored. If provided, it must have a shape that the inputs broadcast to. If not provided or None, a freshly-allocated array is returned. A tuple (possible only as a keyword argument) must have length equal to the number of outputs.
- where : array_like, optional
Values of True indicate to calculate the ufunc at that position, values of False indicate to leave the value in the output alone.
For other keyword-only arguments, see the ufunc docs.
- y : array_like
The sine of each element of x. This is a scalar if x is a scalar.
The sine is one of the fundamental functions of trigonometry (the mathematical study of triangles). Consider a circle of radius 1 centered on the origin. A ray comes in from the axis, makes an angle at the origin (measured counter-clockwise from that axis), and departs from the origin. The coordinate of the outgoing ray’s intersection with the unit circle is the sine of that angle. It ranges from -1 for to +1 for The function has zeroes where the angle is a multiple of . Sines of angles between and are negative. The numerous properties of the sine and related functions are included in any standard trigonometry text.
Print sine of one angle:
>>> np.sin(np.pi/2.) 1.0
Print sines of an array of angles given in degrees:
>>> np.sin(np.array((0., 30., 45., 60., 90.)) * np.pi / 180. ) array([ 0. , 0.5 , 0.70710678, 0.8660254 , 1. ])
Plot the sine function:
>>> import matplotlib.pylab as plt >>> x = np.linspace(-np.pi, np.pi, 201) >>> plt.plot(x, np.sin(x)) >>> plt.xlabel('Angle [rad]') >>> plt.ylabel('sin(x)') >>> plt.axis('tight') >>> plt.show()