numpy.around¶
- numpy.around(a, decimals=0, out=None)[source]¶
Evenly round to the given number of decimals.
Parameters : a : array_like
Input data.
decimals : int, optional
Number of decimal places to round to (default: 0). If decimals is negative, it specifies the number of positions to the left of the decimal point.
out : ndarray, optional
Alternative output array in which to place the result. It must have the same shape as the expected output, but the type of the output values will be cast if necessary. See doc.ufuncs (Section “Output arguments”) for details.
Returns : rounded_array : ndarray
An array of the same type as a, containing the rounded values. Unless out was specified, a new array is created. A reference to the result is returned.
The real and imaginary parts of complex numbers are rounded separately. The result of rounding a float is a float.
Notes
For values exactly halfway between rounded decimal values, Numpy rounds to the nearest even value. Thus 1.5 and 2.5 round to 2.0, -0.5 and 0.5 round to 0.0, etc. Results may also be surprising due to the inexact representation of decimal fractions in the IEEE floating point standard [R9] and errors introduced when scaling by powers of ten.
References
[R9] (1, 2) “Lecture Notes on the Status of IEEE 754”, William Kahan, http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/~wkahan/ieee754status/IEEE754.PDF [R10] “How Futile are Mindless Assessments of Roundoff in Floating-Point Computation?”, William Kahan, http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/~wkahan/Mindless.pdf Examples
>>> np.around([0.37, 1.64]) array([ 0., 2.]) >>> np.around([0.37, 1.64], decimals=1) array([ 0.4, 1.6]) >>> np.around([.5, 1.5, 2.5, 3.5, 4.5]) # rounds to nearest even value array([ 0., 2., 2., 4., 4.]) >>> np.around([1,2,3,11], decimals=1) # ndarray of ints is returned array([ 1, 2, 3, 11]) >>> np.around([1,2,3,11], decimals=-1) array([ 0, 0, 0, 10])