ndarray.astype(dtype, order='K', casting='unsafe', subok=True, copy=True)

Copy of the array, cast to a specified type.


dtype : str or dtype

Typecode or data-type to which the array is cast.

order : {‘C’, ‘F’, ‘A’, ‘K’}, optional

Controls the memory layout order of the result. ‘C’ means C order, ‘F’ means Fortran order, ‘A’ means ‘F’ order if all the arrays are Fortran contiguous, ‘C’ order otherwise, and ‘K’ means as close to the order the array elements appear in memory as possible. Default is ‘K’.

casting : {‘no’, ‘equiv’, ‘safe’, ‘same_kind’, ‘unsafe’}, optional

Controls what kind of data casting may occur. Defaults to ‘unsafe’ for backwards compatibility.

  • ‘no’ means the data types should not be cast at all.
  • ‘equiv’ means only byte-order changes are allowed.
  • ‘safe’ means only casts which can preserve values are allowed.
  • ‘same_kind’ means only safe casts or casts within a kind, like float64 to float32, are allowed.
  • ‘unsafe’ means any data conversions may be done.

subok : bool, optional

If True, then sub-classes will be passed-through (default), otherwise the returned array will be forced to be a base-class array.

copy : bool, optional

By default, astype always returns a newly allocated array. If this is set to false, and the dtype, order, and subok requirements are satisfied, the input array is returned instead of a copy.


arr_t : ndarray

Unless copy is False and the other conditions for returning the input array are satisfied (see description for copy input paramter), arr_t is a new array of the same shape as the input array, with dtype, order given by dtype, order.



When casting from complex to float or int. To avoid this, one should use a.real.astype(t).


Starting in NumPy 1.9, astype method now returns an error if the string dtype to cast to is not long enough in ‘safe’ casting mode to hold the max value of integer/float array that is being casted. Previously the casting was allowed even if the result was truncated.


>>> x = np.array([1, 2, 2.5])
>>> x
array([ 1. ,  2. ,  2.5])
>>> x.astype(int)
array([1, 2, 2])

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