# scipy.stats.genextreme¶

scipy.stats.genextreme(*args, **kwds) = <scipy.stats._continuous_distns.genextreme_gen object>[source]

A generalized extreme value continuous random variable.

As an instance of the rv_continuous class, genextreme object inherits from it a collection of generic methods (see below for the full list), and completes them with details specific for this particular distribution.

Notes

For $$c=0$$, genextreme is equal to gumbel_r. The probability density function for genextreme is:

$\begin{split}f(x, c) = \begin{cases} \exp(-\exp(-x)) \exp(-x) &\text{for } c = 0\\ \exp(-(1-c x)^{1/c}) (1-c x)^{1/c-1} &\text{for } x \le 1/c, c > 0 \end{cases}\end{split}$

Note that several sources and software packages use the opposite convention for the sign of the shape parameter $$c$$.

genextreme takes c as a shape parameter for $$c$$.

The probability density above is defined in the “standardized” form. To shift and/or scale the distribution use the loc and scale parameters. Specifically, genextreme.pdf(x, c, loc, scale) is identically equivalent to genextreme.pdf(y, c) / scale with y = (x - loc) / scale.

Examples

>>> from scipy.stats import genextreme
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> fig, ax = plt.subplots(1, 1)


Calculate a few first moments:

>>> c = -0.1
>>> mean, var, skew, kurt = genextreme.stats(c, moments='mvsk')


Display the probability density function (pdf):

>>> x = np.linspace(genextreme.ppf(0.01, c),
...                 genextreme.ppf(0.99, c), 100)
>>> ax.plot(x, genextreme.pdf(x, c),
...        'r-', lw=5, alpha=0.6, label='genextreme pdf')


Alternatively, the distribution object can be called (as a function) to fix the shape, location and scale parameters. This returns a “frozen” RV object holding the given parameters fixed.

Freeze the distribution and display the frozen pdf:

>>> rv = genextreme(c)
>>> ax.plot(x, rv.pdf(x), 'k-', lw=2, label='frozen pdf')


Check accuracy of cdf and ppf:

>>> vals = genextreme.ppf([0.001, 0.5, 0.999], c)
>>> np.allclose([0.001, 0.5, 0.999], genextreme.cdf(vals, c))
True


Generate random numbers:

>>> r = genextreme.rvs(c, size=1000)


And compare the histogram:

>>> ax.hist(r, density=True, histtype='stepfilled', alpha=0.2)
>>> ax.legend(loc='best', frameon=False)
>>> plt.show()


Methods

 rvs(c, loc=0, scale=1, size=1, random_state=None) Random variates. pdf(x, c, loc=0, scale=1) Probability density function. logpdf(x, c, loc=0, scale=1) Log of the probability density function. cdf(x, c, loc=0, scale=1) Cumulative distribution function. logcdf(x, c, loc=0, scale=1) Log of the cumulative distribution function. sf(x, c, loc=0, scale=1) Survival function (also defined as 1 - cdf, but sf is sometimes more accurate). logsf(x, c, loc=0, scale=1) Log of the survival function. ppf(q, c, loc=0, scale=1) Percent point function (inverse of cdf — percentiles). isf(q, c, loc=0, scale=1) Inverse survival function (inverse of sf). moment(n, c, loc=0, scale=1) Non-central moment of order n stats(c, loc=0, scale=1, moments=’mv’) Mean(‘m’), variance(‘v’), skew(‘s’), and/or kurtosis(‘k’). entropy(c, loc=0, scale=1) (Differential) entropy of the RV. fit(data) Parameter estimates for generic data. See scipy.stats.rv_continuous.fit for detailed documentation of the keyword arguments. expect(func, args=(c,), loc=0, scale=1, lb=None, ub=None, conditional=False, **kwds) Expected value of a function (of one argument) with respect to the distribution. median(c, loc=0, scale=1) Median of the distribution. mean(c, loc=0, scale=1) Mean of the distribution. var(c, loc=0, scale=1) Variance of the distribution. std(c, loc=0, scale=1) Standard deviation of the distribution. interval(alpha, c, loc=0, scale=1) Endpoints of the range that contains alpha percent of the distribution

#### Previous topic

scipy.stats.genexpon

#### Next topic

scipy.stats.gausshyper