# scipy.stats.rankdata¶

scipy.stats.rankdata(a, method='average')[source]

Assign ranks to data, dealing with ties appropriately.

Ranks begin at 1. The method argument controls how ranks are assigned to equal values. See [1] for further discussion of ranking methods.

Parameters
aarray_like

The array of values to be ranked. The array is first flattened.

method{‘average’, ‘min’, ‘max’, ‘dense’, ‘ordinal’}, optional

The method used to assign ranks to tied elements. The following methods are available (default is ‘average’):

• ‘average’: The average of the ranks that would have been assigned to all the tied values is assigned to each value.

• ‘min’: The minimum of the ranks that would have been assigned to all the tied values is assigned to each value. (This is also referred to as “competition” ranking.)

• ‘max’: The maximum of the ranks that would have been assigned to all the tied values is assigned to each value.

• ‘dense’: Like ‘min’, but the rank of the next highest element is assigned the rank immediately after those assigned to the tied elements.

• ‘ordinal’: All values are given a distinct rank, corresponding to the order that the values occur in a.

Returns
ranksndarray

An array of length equal to the size of a, containing rank scores.

References

1

“Ranking”, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ranking

Examples

>>> from scipy.stats import rankdata
>>> rankdata([0, 2, 3, 2])
array([ 1. ,  2.5,  4. ,  2.5])
>>> rankdata([0, 2, 3, 2], method='min')
array([ 1,  2,  4,  2])
>>> rankdata([0, 2, 3, 2], method='max')
array([ 1,  3,  4,  3])
>>> rankdata([0, 2, 3, 2], method='dense')
array([ 1,  2,  3,  2])
>>> rankdata([0, 2, 3, 2], method='ordinal')
array([ 1,  2,  4,  3])


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