# Noncentral t DistributionΒΆ

The distribution of the ratio

$\frac{U+\lambda}{\chi_{\nu}/\sqrt{\nu}}$

where $$U$$ and $$\chi_{\nu}$$ are independent and distributed as a standard normal and chi with $$\nu$$ degrees of freedom. Note $$\lambda>0$$ and $$\nu>0$$ .

\begin{eqnarray*} f\left(x;\lambda,\nu\right) & = & \frac{\nu^{\nu/2}\Gamma\left(\nu+1\right)}{2^{\nu}e^{\lambda^{2}/2}\left(\nu+x^{2}\right)^{\nu/2}\Gamma\left(\nu/2\right)}\\ & & \times\left\{ \frac{\sqrt{2}\lambda x\,_{1}F_{1}\left(\frac{\nu}{2}+1;\frac{3}{2};\frac{\lambda^{2}x^{2}}{2\left(\nu+x^{2}\right)}\right)}{\left(\nu+x^{2}\right)\Gamma\left(\frac{\nu+1}{2}\right)}\right.\\ & & -\left.\frac{\,_{1}F_{1}\left(\frac{\nu+1}{2};\frac{1}{2};\frac{\lambda^{2}x^{2}}{2\left(\nu+x^{2}\right)}\right)}{\sqrt{\nu+x^{2}}\Gamma\left(\frac{\nu}{2}+1\right)}\right\} \\ & = & \frac{\Gamma\left(\nu+1\right)}{2^{\left(\nu-1\right)/2}\sqrt{\pi\nu}\Gamma\left(\nu/2\right)}\exp\left[-\frac{\nu\lambda^{2}}{\nu+x^{2}}\right]\\ & & \times\left(\frac{\nu}{\nu+x^{2}}\right)^{\left(\nu-1\right)/2}Hh_{\nu}\left(-\frac{\lambda x}{\sqrt{\nu+x^{2}}}\right)\\ F\left(x;\lambda,\nu\right) & =\end{eqnarray*}

Implementation: scipy.stats.nct

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