scipy.stats.anderson(x, dist='norm')[source]

Anderson-Darling test for data coming from a particular distribution

The Anderson-Darling tests the null hypothesis that a sample is drawn from a population that follows a particular distribution. For the Anderson-Darling test, the critical values depend on which distribution is being tested against. This function works for normal, exponential, logistic, or Gumbel (Extreme Value Type I) distributions.

x : array_like

array of sample data

dist : {‘norm’,’expon’,’logistic’,’gumbel’,’gumbel_l’, gumbel_r’,

‘extreme1’}, optional the type of distribution to test against. The default is ‘norm’ and ‘extreme1’, ‘gumbel_l’ and ‘gumbel’ are synonyms.

statistic : float

The Anderson-Darling test statistic

critical_values : list

The critical values for this distribution

significance_level : list

The significance levels for the corresponding critical values in percents. The function returns critical values for a differing set of significance levels depending on the distribution that is being tested against.

See also

The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for goodness-of-fit.


Critical values provided are for the following significance levels:

15%, 10%, 5%, 2.5%, 1%
25%, 10%, 5%, 2.5%, 1%, 0.5%
25%, 10%, 5%, 2.5%, 1%

If the returned statistic is larger than these critical values then for the corresponding significance level, the null hypothesis that the data come from the chosen distribution can be rejected. The returned statistic is referred to as ‘A2’ in the references.


[2]Stephens, M. A. (1974). EDF Statistics for Goodness of Fit and Some Comparisons, Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 69, pp. 730-737.
[3]Stephens, M. A. (1976). Asymptotic Results for Goodness-of-Fit Statistics with Unknown Parameters, Annals of Statistics, Vol. 4, pp. 357-369.
[4]Stephens, M. A. (1977). Goodness of Fit for the Extreme Value Distribution, Biometrika, Vol. 64, pp. 583-588.
[5]Stephens, M. A. (1977). Goodness of Fit with Special Reference to Tests for Exponentiality , Technical Report No. 262, Department of Statistics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
[6]Stephens, M. A. (1979). Tests of Fit for the Logistic Distribution Based on the Empirical Distribution Function, Biometrika, Vol. 66, pp. 591-595.