class scipy.sparse.dok_matrix(arg1, shape=None, dtype=None, copy=False)[source]

Dictionary Of Keys based sparse matrix.

This is an efficient structure for constructing sparse matrices incrementally.

This can be instantiated in several ways:
with a dense matrix, D
with a sparse matrix, S
dok_matrix((M,N), [dtype])
create the matrix with initial shape (M,N) dtype is optional, defaulting to dtype=’d’


Sparse matrices can be used in arithmetic operations: they support addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and matrix power.

Allows for efficient O(1) access of individual elements. Duplicates are not allowed. Can be efficiently converted to a coo_matrix once constructed.


>>> import numpy as np
>>> from scipy.sparse import dok_matrix
>>> S = dok_matrix((5, 5), dtype=np.float32)
>>> for i in range(5):
...     for j in range(5):
...         S[i, j] = i + j    # Update element
dtype : dtype

Data type of the matrix

shape : 2-tuple

Get shape of a matrix.

ndim : int

Number of dimensions (this is always 2)


Number of stored values, including explicit zeros.


asformat(format[, copy]) Return this matrix in the passed sparse format.
asfptype() Upcast matrix to a floating point format (if necessary)
astype(dtype[, casting, copy]) Cast the matrix elements to a specified type.
conj([copy]) Element-wise complex conjugation.
conjtransp() Return the conjugate transpose.
conjugate([copy]) Element-wise complex conjugation.
copy() Returns a copy of this matrix.
count_nonzero() Number of non-zero entries, equivalent to
diagonal([k]) Returns the k-th diagonal of the matrix.
dot(other) Ordinary dot product
fromkeys($type, iterable[, value]) Returns a new dict with keys from iterable and values equal to value.
get(key[, default]) This overrides the dict.get method, providing type checking but otherwise equivalent functionality.
getH() Return the Hermitian transpose of this matrix.
get_shape() Get shape of a matrix.
getcol(j) Returns the j-th column as a (m x 1) DOK matrix.
getformat() Format of a matrix representation as a string.
getmaxprint() Maximum number of elements to display when printed.
getnnz([axis]) Number of stored values, including explicit zeros.
getrow(i) Returns the i-th row as a (1 x n) DOK matrix.
maximum(other) Element-wise maximum between this and another matrix.
mean([axis, dtype, out]) Compute the arithmetic mean along the specified axis.
minimum(other) Element-wise minimum between this and another matrix.
multiply(other) Point-wise multiplication by another matrix
nonzero() nonzero indices
pop(k[,d]) If key is not found, d is returned if given, otherwise KeyError is raised
popitem() 2-tuple; but raise KeyError if D is empty.
power(n[, dtype]) Element-wise power.
reshape(self, shape[, order, copy]) Gives a new shape to a sparse matrix without changing its data.
resize(*shape) Resize the matrix in-place to dimensions given by shape
set_shape(shape) See reshape.
setdiag(values[, k]) Set diagonal or off-diagonal elements of the array.
sum([axis, dtype, out]) Sum the matrix elements over a given axis.
toarray([order, out]) Return a dense ndarray representation of this matrix.
tobsr([blocksize, copy]) Convert this matrix to Block Sparse Row format.
tocoo([copy]) Convert this matrix to COOrdinate format.
tocsc([copy]) Convert this matrix to Compressed Sparse Column format.
tocsr([copy]) Convert this matrix to Compressed Sparse Row format.
todense([order, out]) Return a dense matrix representation of this matrix.
todia([copy]) Convert this matrix to sparse DIAgonal format.
todok([copy]) Convert this matrix to Dictionary Of Keys format.
tolil([copy]) Convert this matrix to LInked List format.
transpose([axes, copy]) Reverses the dimensions of the sparse matrix.
update([E, ]**F) If E is present and has a .keys() method, then does: for k in E: D[k] = E[k] If E is present and lacks a .keys() method, then does: for k, v in E: D[k] = v In either case, this is followed by: for k in F: D[k] = F[k]