# scipy.stats.special_ortho_group¶

scipy.stats.special_ortho_group = <scipy.stats._multivariate.special_ortho_group_gen object>[source]

A matrix-valued SO(N) random variable.

Return a random rotation matrix, drawn from the Haar distribution (the only uniform distribution on SO(n)).

The dim keyword specifies the dimension N.

Parameters: dim : scalar Dimension of matrices

Notes

This class is wrapping the random_rot code from the MDP Toolkit, https://github.com/mdp-toolkit/mdp-toolkit

Return a random rotation matrix, drawn from the Haar distribution (the only uniform distribution on SO(n)). The algorithm is described in the paper Stewart, G.W., “The efficient generation of random orthogonal matrices with an application to condition estimators”, SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis, 17(3), pp. 403-409, 1980. For more information see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthogonal_matrix#Randomization

See also the similar ortho_group.

Examples

>>> from scipy.stats import special_ortho_group
>>> x = special_ortho_group.rvs(3)

>>> np.dot(x, x.T)
array([[  1.00000000e+00,   1.13231364e-17,  -2.86852790e-16],
[  1.13231364e-17,   1.00000000e+00,  -1.46845020e-16],
[ -2.86852790e-16,  -1.46845020e-16,   1.00000000e+00]])

>>> import scipy.linalg
>>> scipy.linalg.det(x)
1.0


This generates one random matrix from SO(3). It is orthogonal and has a determinant of 1.

Methods

 rvs(dim=None, size=1, random_state=None) Draw random samples from SO(N).

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