scipy.interpolate.barycentric_interpolate(xi, yi, x)

Convenience function for polynomial interpolation

Constructs a polynomial that passes through a given set of points, then evaluates the polynomial. For reasons of numerical stability, this function does not compute the coefficients of the polynomial.

This function uses a “barycentric interpolation” method that treats the problem as a special case of rational function interpolation. This algorithm is quite stable, numerically, but even in a world of exact computation, unless the x coordinates are chosen very carefully - Chebyshev zeros (e.g. cos(i*pi/n)) are a good choice - polynomial interpolation itself is a very ill-conditioned process due to the Runge phenomenon.

Based on Berrut and Trefethen 2004, “Barycentric Lagrange Interpolation”.

Parameters :

xi : array-like of length N

The x coordinates of the points the polynomial should pass through

yi : array-like N by R

The y coordinates of the points the polynomial should pass through; if R>1 the polynomial is vector-valued.

x : scalar or array-like of length M

Returns :

y : scalar or array-like of length R or length M or M by R

The shape of y depends on the shape of x and whether the interpolator is vector-valued or scalar-valued.


Construction of the interpolation weights is a relatively slow process. If you want to call this many times with the same xi (but possibly varying yi or x) you should use the class BarycentricInterpolator. This is what this function uses internally.

Next topic


This Page