# scipy.optimize.fmin_slsqp¶

scipy.optimize.fmin_slsqp(func, x0, eqcons=(), f_eqcons=None, ieqcons=(), f_ieqcons=None, bounds=(), fprime=None, fprime_eqcons=None, fprime_ieqcons=None, args=(), iter=100, acc=1e-06, iprint=1, disp=None, full_output=0, epsilon=1.4901161193847656e-08, callback=None)[source]

Minimize a function using Sequential Least SQuares Programming

Python interface function for the SLSQP Optimization subroutine originally implemented by Dieter Kraft.

Parameters: func : callable f(x,*args) Objective function. Must return a scalar. x0 : 1-D ndarray of float Initial guess for the independent variable(s). eqcons : list, optional A list of functions of length n such that eqcons[j](x,*args) == 0.0 in a successfully optimized problem. f_eqcons : callable f(x,*args), optional Returns a 1-D array in which each element must equal 0.0 in a successfully optimized problem. If f_eqcons is specified, eqcons is ignored. ieqcons : list, optional A list of functions of length n such that ieqcons[j](x,*args) >= 0.0 in a successfully optimized problem. f_ieqcons : callable f(x,*args), optional Returns a 1-D ndarray in which each element must be greater or equal to 0.0 in a successfully optimized problem. If f_ieqcons is specified, ieqcons is ignored. bounds : list, optional A list of tuples specifying the lower and upper bound for each independent variable [(xl0, xu0),(xl1, xu1),...] Infinite values will be interpreted as large floating values. fprime : callable f(x,*args), optional A function that evaluates the partial derivatives of func. fprime_eqcons : callable f(x,*args), optional A function of the form f(x, *args) that returns the m by n array of equality constraint normals. If not provided, the normals will be approximated. The array returned by fprime_eqcons should be sized as ( len(eqcons), len(x0) ). fprime_ieqcons : callable f(x,*args), optional A function of the form f(x, *args) that returns the m by n array of inequality constraint normals. If not provided, the normals will be approximated. The array returned by fprime_ieqcons should be sized as ( len(ieqcons), len(x0) ). args : sequence, optional Additional arguments passed to func and fprime. iter : int, optional The maximum number of iterations. acc : float, optional Requested accuracy. iprint : int, optional The verbosity of fmin_slsqp : iprint <= 0 : Silent operation iprint == 1 : Print summary upon completion (default) iprint >= 2 : Print status of each iterate and summary disp : int, optional Over-rides the iprint interface (preferred). full_output : bool, optional If False, return only the minimizer of func (default). Otherwise, output final objective function and summary information. epsilon : float, optional The step size for finite-difference derivative estimates. callback : callable, optional Called after each iteration, as callback(x), where x is the current parameter vector. out : ndarray of float The final minimizer of func. fx : ndarray of float, if full_output is true The final value of the objective function. its : int, if full_output is true The number of iterations. imode : int, if full_output is true The exit mode from the optimizer (see below). smode : string, if full_output is true Message describing the exit mode from the optimizer.

minimize
Interface to minimization algorithms for multivariate functions. See the ‘SLSQP’ method in particular.

Notes

Exit modes are defined as follows

-1 : Gradient evaluation required (g & a)
0 : Optimization terminated successfully.
1 : Function evaluation required (f & c)
2 : More equality constraints than independent variables
3 : More than 3*n iterations in LSQ subproblem
4 : Inequality constraints incompatible
5 : Singular matrix E in LSQ subproblem
6 : Singular matrix C in LSQ subproblem
7 : Rank-deficient equality constraint subproblem HFTI
8 : Positive directional derivative for linesearch
9 : Iteration limit exceeded


Examples

Examples are given in the tutorial.

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