# scipy.spatial.KDTree.query¶

KDTree.query(x, k=1, eps=0, p=2, distance_upper_bound=inf)[source]

Query the kd-tree for nearest neighbors

Parameters: x : array_like, last dimension self.m An array of points to query. k : int, optional The number of nearest neighbors to return. eps : nonnegative float, optional Return approximate nearest neighbors; the kth returned value is guaranteed to be no further than (1+eps) times the distance to the real kth nearest neighbor. p : float, 1<=p<=infinity, optional Which Minkowski p-norm to use. 1 is the sum-of-absolute-values “Manhattan” distance 2 is the usual Euclidean distance infinity is the maximum-coordinate-difference distance distance_upper_bound : nonnegative float, optional Return only neighbors within this distance. This is used to prune tree searches, so if you are doing a series of nearest-neighbor queries, it may help to supply the distance to the nearest neighbor of the most recent point. d : float or array of floats The distances to the nearest neighbors. If x has shape tuple+(self.m,), then d has shape tuple if k is one, or tuple+(k,) if k is larger than one. Missing neighbors (e.g. when k > n or distance_upper_bound is given) are indicated with infinite distances. If k is None, then d is an object array of shape tuple, containing lists of distances. In either case the hits are sorted by distance (nearest first). i : integer or array of integers The locations of the neighbors in self.data. i is the same shape as d.

Examples

>>> from scipy import spatial
>>> x, y = np.mgrid[0:5, 2:8]
>>> tree = spatial.KDTree(list(zip(x.ravel(), y.ravel())))
>>> tree.data
array([[0, 2],
[0, 3],
[0, 4],
[0, 5],
[0, 6],
[0, 7],
[1, 2],
[1, 3],
[1, 4],
[1, 5],
[1, 6],
[1, 7],
[2, 2],
[2, 3],
[2, 4],
[2, 5],
[2, 6],
[2, 7],
[3, 2],
[3, 3],
[3, 4],
[3, 5],
[3, 6],
[3, 7],
[4, 2],
[4, 3],
[4, 4],
[4, 5],
[4, 6],
[4, 7]])
>>> pts = np.array([[0, 0], [2.1, 2.9]])
>>> tree.query(pts)
(array([ 2.        ,  0.14142136]), array([ 0, 13]))
>>> tree.query(pts)
(2.0, 0)


#### Next topic

scipy.spatial.KDTree.query_ball_point