scipy.sparse.linalg.cgs(A, b, x0=None, tol=1e-05, maxiter=None, xtype=None, M=None, callback=None)[source]

Use Conjugate Gradient Squared iteration to solve A x = b


A : {sparse matrix, dense matrix, LinearOperator}

The real-valued N-by-N matrix of the linear system

b : {array, matrix}

Right hand side of the linear system. Has shape (N,) or (N,1).


x : {array, matrix}

The converged solution.

info : integer

Provides convergence information:

0 : successful exit >0 : convergence to tolerance not achieved, number of iterations <0 : illegal input or breakdown

Other Parameters:

x0 : {array, matrix}

Starting guess for the solution.

tol : float

Tolerance to achieve. The algorithm terminates when either the relative or the absolute residual is below tol.

maxiter : integer

Maximum number of iterations. Iteration will stop after maxiter steps even if the specified tolerance has not been achieved.

M : {sparse matrix, dense matrix, LinearOperator}

Preconditioner for A. The preconditioner should approximate the inverse of A. Effective preconditioning dramatically improves the rate of convergence, which implies that fewer iterations are needed to reach a given error tolerance.

callback : function

User-supplied function to call after each iteration. It is called as callback(xk), where xk is the current solution vector.

xtype : {‘f’,’d’,’F’,’D’}

This parameter is deprecated – avoid using it.

The type of the result. If None, then it will be determined from A.dtype.char and b. If A does not have a typecode method then it will compute A.matvec(x0) to get a typecode. To save the extra computation when A does not have a typecode attribute use xtype=0 for the same type as b or use xtype=’f’,’d’,’F’,or ‘D’. This parameter has been superseded by LinearOperator.