scipy.sparse.csgraph.depth_first_order(csgraph, i_start, directed=True, return_predecessors=True)

Return a depth-first ordering starting with specified node.

Note that a depth-first order is not unique. Furthermore, for graphs with cycles, the tree generated by a depth-first search is not unique either.

New in version 0.11.0.


csgraph : array_like or sparse matrix

The N x N compressed sparse graph. The input csgraph will be converted to csr format for the calculation.

i_start : int

The index of starting node.

directed : bool, optional

If True (default), then operate on a directed graph: only move from point i to point j along paths csgraph[i, j]. If False, then find the shortest path on an undirected graph: the algorithm can progress from point i to j along csgraph[i, j] or csgraph[j, i].

return_predecessors : bool, optional

If True (default), then return the predecesor array (see below).


node_array : ndarray, one dimension

The breadth-first list of nodes, starting with specified node. The length of node_array is the number of nodes reachable from the specified node.

predecessors : ndarray, one dimension

Returned only if return_predecessors is True. The length-N list of predecessors of each node in a breadth-first tree. If node i is in the tree, then its parent is given by predecessors[i]. If node i is not in the tree (and for the parent node) then predecessors[i] = -9999.