scipy.signal.morlet(M, w=5.0, s=1.0, complete=True)[source]

Complex Morlet wavelet.


M : int

Length of the wavelet.

w : float, optional

Omega0. Default is 5

s : float, optional

Scaling factor, windowed from -s*2*pi to +s*2*pi. Default is 1.

complete : bool, optional

Whether to use the complete or the standard version.


morlet : (M,) ndarray


The standard version:

pi**-0.25 * exp(1j*w*x) * exp(-0.5*(x**2))

This commonly used wavelet is often referred to simply as the Morlet wavelet. Note that this simplified version can cause admissibility problems at low values of w.

The complete version:

pi**-0.25 * (exp(1j*w*x) - exp(-0.5*(w**2))) * exp(-0.5*(x**2))

The complete version of the Morlet wavelet, with a correction term to improve admissibility. For w greater than 5, the correction term is negligible.

Note that the energy of the return wavelet is not normalised according to s.

The fundamental frequency of this wavelet in Hz is given by f = 2*s*w*r / M where r is the sampling rate.

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