# scipy.stats.chi¶

scipy.stats.chi = <scipy.stats._continuous_distns.chi_gen object at 0x2b45d2fae490>[source]

A chi continuous random variable.

Continuous random variables are defined from a standard form and may require some shape parameters to complete its specification. Any optional keyword parameters can be passed to the methods of the RV object as given below:

Parameters: x : array_like quantiles q : array_like lower or upper tail probability df : array_like shape parameters loc : array_like, optional location parameter (default=0) scale : array_like, optional scale parameter (default=1) size : int or tuple of ints, optional shape of random variates (default computed from input arguments ) moments : str, optional composed of letters [‘mvsk’] specifying which moments to compute where ‘m’ = mean, ‘v’ = variance, ‘s’ = (Fisher’s) skew and ‘k’ = (Fisher’s) kurtosis. (default=’mv’) Alternatively, the object may be called (as a function) to fix the shape, location, and scale parameters returning a “frozen” continuous RV object: rv = chi(df, loc=0, scale=1) Frozen RV object with the same methods but holding the given shape, location, and scale fixed.

Notes

The probability density function for chi is:

```chi.pdf(x, df) = x**(df-1) * exp(-x**2/2) / (2**(df/2-1) * gamma(df/2))
```

for x > 0.

Special cases of chi are:

Examples

```>>> from scipy.stats import chi
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> fig, ax = plt.subplots(1, 1)
```

Calculate a few first moments:

```>>> df = 78
>>> mean, var, skew, kurt = chi.stats(df, moments='mvsk')
```

Display the probability density function (pdf):

```>>> x = np.linspace(chi.ppf(0.01, df),
...               chi.ppf(0.99, df), 100)
>>> ax.plot(x, chi.pdf(x, df),
...          'r-', lw=5, alpha=0.6, label='chi pdf')
```

Alternatively, freeze the distribution and display the frozen pdf:

```>>> rv = chi(df)
>>> ax.plot(x, rv.pdf(x), 'k-', lw=2, label='frozen pdf')
```

Check accuracy of cdf and ppf:

```>>> vals = chi.ppf([0.001, 0.5, 0.999], df)
>>> np.allclose([0.001, 0.5, 0.999], chi.cdf(vals, df))
True
```

Generate random numbers:

```>>> r = chi.rvs(df, size=1000)
```

And compare the histogram:

```>>> ax.hist(r, normed=True, histtype='stepfilled', alpha=0.2)
>>> ax.legend(loc='best', frameon=False)
>>> plt.show()
``` Methods

 rvs(df, loc=0, scale=1, size=1) Random variates. pdf(x, df, loc=0, scale=1) Probability density function. logpdf(x, df, loc=0, scale=1) Log of the probability density function. cdf(x, df, loc=0, scale=1) Cumulative density function. logcdf(x, df, loc=0, scale=1) Log of the cumulative density function. sf(x, df, loc=0, scale=1) Survival function (1-cdf — sometimes more accurate). logsf(x, df, loc=0, scale=1) Log of the survival function. ppf(q, df, loc=0, scale=1) Percent point function (inverse of cdf — percentiles). isf(q, df, loc=0, scale=1) Inverse survival function (inverse of sf). moment(n, df, loc=0, scale=1) Non-central moment of order n stats(df, loc=0, scale=1, moments=’mv’) Mean(‘m’), variance(‘v’), skew(‘s’), and/or kurtosis(‘k’). entropy(df, loc=0, scale=1) (Differential) entropy of the RV. fit(data, df, loc=0, scale=1) Parameter estimates for generic data. expect(func, df, loc=0, scale=1, lb=None, ub=None, conditional=False, **kwds) Expected value of a function (of one argument) with respect to the distribution. median(df, loc=0, scale=1) Median of the distribution. mean(df, loc=0, scale=1) Mean of the distribution. var(df, loc=0, scale=1) Variance of the distribution. std(df, loc=0, scale=1) Standard deviation of the distribution. interval(alpha, df, loc=0, scale=1) Endpoints of the range that contains alpha percent of the distribution

#### Previous topic

scipy.stats.cauchy

scipy.stats.chi2