# numpy.random.Generator.random¶

method

`Generator.``random`(size=None, dtype='d', out=None)

Return random floats in the half-open interval [0.0, 1.0).

Results are from the “continuous uniform” distribution over the stated interval. To sample multiply the output of `random` by (b-a) and add a:

```(b - a) * random() + a
```
Parameters: size : int or tuple of ints, optional Output shape. If the given shape is, e.g., `(m, n, k)`, then `m * n * k` samples are drawn. Default is None, in which case a single value is returned. dtype : {str, dtype}, optional Desired dtype of the result, either ‘d’ (or ‘float64’) or ‘f’ (or ‘float32’). All dtypes are determined by their name. The default value is ‘d’. out : ndarray, optional Alternative output array in which to place the result. If size is not None, it must have the same shape as the provided size and must match the type of the output values. out : float or ndarray of floats Array of random floats of shape size (unless `size=None`, in which case a single float is returned).

Examples

```>>> rng = np.random.default_rng()
>>> rng.random()
0.47108547995356098 # random
>>> type(rng.random())
<class 'float'>
>>> rng.random((5,))
array([ 0.30220482,  0.86820401,  0.1654503 ,  0.11659149,  0.54323428]) # random
```

Three-by-two array of random numbers from [-5, 0):

```>>> 5 * rng.random((3, 2)) - 5
array([[-3.99149989, -0.52338984], # random
[-2.99091858, -0.79479508],
[-1.23204345, -1.75224494]])
```

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