numpy.random.logistic(loc=0.0, scale=1.0, size=None)

Draw samples from a logistic distribution.

Samples are drawn from a logistic distribution with specified parameters, loc (location or mean, also median), and scale (>0).

loc : float or array_like of floats, optional

Parameter of the distribution. Default is 0.

scale : float or array_like of floats, optional

Parameter of the distribution. Should be greater than zero. Default is 1.

size : int or tuple of ints, optional

Output shape. If the given shape is, e.g., (m, n, k), then m * n * k samples are drawn. If size is None (default), a single value is returned if loc and scale are both scalars. Otherwise, np.broadcast(loc, scale).size samples are drawn.

out : ndarray or scalar

Drawn samples from the parameterized logistic distribution.

See also

probability density function, distribution or cumulative density function, etc.


The probability density for the Logistic distribution is

P(x) = P(x) = \frac{e^{-(x-\mu)/s}}{s(1+e^{-(x-\mu)/s})^2},

where \mu = location and s = scale.

The Logistic distribution is used in Extreme Value problems where it can act as a mixture of Gumbel distributions, in Epidemiology, and by the World Chess Federation (FIDE) where it is used in the Elo ranking system, assuming the performance of each player is a logistically distributed random variable.


[1]Reiss, R.-D. and Thomas M. (2001), “Statistical Analysis of Extreme Values, from Insurance, Finance, Hydrology and Other Fields,” Birkhauser Verlag, Basel, pp 132-133.
[2]Weisstein, Eric W. “Logistic Distribution.” From MathWorld–A Wolfram Web Resource.
[3]Wikipedia, “Logistic-distribution”,


Draw samples from the distribution:

>>> loc, scale = 10, 1
>>> s = np.random.logistic(loc, scale, 10000)
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> count, bins, ignored = plt.hist(s, bins=50)

# plot against distribution

>>> def logist(x, loc, scale):
...     return exp((loc-x)/scale)/(scale*(1+exp((loc-x)/scale))**2)
>>> plt.plot(bins, logist(bins, loc, scale)*count.max()/\
... logist(bins, loc, scale).max())

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