numpy.subtract(x1, x2, /, out=None, *, where=True, casting='same_kind', order='K', dtype=None, subok=True[, signature, extobj]) = <ufunc 'subtract'>

Subtract arguments, element-wise.


x1, x2 : array_like

The arrays to be subtracted from each other.

out : ndarray, None, or tuple of ndarray and None, optional

A location into which the result is stored. If provided, it must have a shape that the inputs broadcast to. If not provided or None, a freshly-allocated array is returned. A tuple (possible only as a keyword argument) must have length equal to the number of outputs.

where : array_like, optional

Values of True indicate to calculate the ufunc at that position, values of False indicate to leave the value in the output alone.


For other keyword-only arguments, see the ufunc docs.


y : ndarray

The difference of x1 and x2, element-wise. Returns a scalar if both x1 and x2 are scalars.


Equivalent to x1 - x2 in terms of array broadcasting.


>>> np.subtract(1.0, 4.0)
>>> x1 = np.arange(9.0).reshape((3, 3))
>>> x2 = np.arange(3.0)
>>> np.subtract(x1, x2)
array([[ 0.,  0.,  0.],
       [ 3.,  3.,  3.],
       [ 6.,  6.,  6.]])

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