Returns a view of the array with axes transposed.

For a 1-D array, this has no effect. (To change between column and row vectors, first cast the 1-D array into a matrix object.) For a 2-D array, this is the usual matrix transpose. For an n-D array, if axes are given, their order indicates how the axes are permuted (see Examples). If axes are not provided and a.shape = (i[0], i[1], ... i[n-2], i[n-1]), then a.transpose().shape = (i[n-1], i[n-2], ... i[1], i[0]).


axes : None, tuple of ints, or n ints

  • None or no argument: reverses the order of the axes.
  • tuple of ints: i in the j-th place in the tuple means a’s i-th axis becomes a.transpose()’s j-th axis.
  • n ints: same as an n-tuple of the same ints (this form is intended simply as a “convenience” alternative to the tuple form)

out : ndarray

View of a, with axes suitably permuted.

See also

Array property returning the array transposed.


>>> a = np.array([[1, 2], [3, 4]])
>>> a
array([[1, 2],
       [3, 4]])
>>> a.transpose()
array([[1, 3],
       [2, 4]])
>>> a.transpose((1, 0))
array([[1, 3],
       [2, 4]])
>>> a.transpose(1, 0)
array([[1, 3],
       [2, 4]])