# numpy.apply_over_axes¶

numpy.apply_over_axes(func, a, axes)[source]

Apply a function repeatedly over multiple axes.

func is called as res = func(a, axis), where axis is the first element of axes. The result res of the function call must have either the same dimensions as a or one less dimension. If res has one less dimension than a, a dimension is inserted before axis. The call to func is then repeated for each axis in axes, with res as the first argument.

Parameters: func : function This function must take two arguments, func(a, axis). a : array_like Input array. axes : array_like Axes over which func is applied; the elements must be integers. apply_over_axis : ndarray The output array. The number of dimensions is the same as a, but the shape can be different. This depends on whether func changes the shape of its output with respect to its input.

See also

apply_along_axis
Apply a function to 1-D slices of an array along the given axis.

Notes

This function is equivalent to tuple axis arguments to reorderable ufuncs with keepdims=True. Tuple axis arguments to ufuncs have been availabe since version 1.7.0.

Examples

```>>> a = np.arange(24).reshape(2,3,4)
>>> a
array([[[ 0,  1,  2,  3],
[ 4,  5,  6,  7],
[ 8,  9, 10, 11]],
[[12, 13, 14, 15],
[16, 17, 18, 19],
[20, 21, 22, 23]]])
```

Sum over axes 0 and 2. The result has same number of dimensions as the original array:

```>>> np.apply_over_axes(np.sum, a, [0,2])
array([[[ 60],
[ 92],
]])
```

Tuple axis arguments to ufuncs are equivalent:

```>>> np.sum(a, axis=(0,2), keepdims=True)
array([[[ 60],
[ 92],
]])
```

#### Previous topic

numpy.apply_along_axis

numpy.vectorize