# scipy.spatial.distance¶

## Distance computations (scipy.spatial.distance)¶

### Function Reference¶

Distance matrix computation from a collection of raw observation vectors stored in a rectangular array.

 pdist(X[, metric, p, w, V, VI]) Pairwise distances between observations in n-dimensional space. cdist(XA, XB[, metric, p, V, VI, w]) Computes distance between each pair of the two collections of inputs. squareform(X[, force, checks]) Converts a vector-form distance vector to a square-form distance matrix, and vice-versa.

Predicates for checking the validity of distance matrices, both condensed and redundant. Also contained in this module are functions for computing the number of observations in a distance matrix.

 is_valid_dm(D[, tol, throw, name, warning]) Returns True if input array is a valid distance matrix. is_valid_y(y[, warning, throw, name]) Returns True if the input array is a valid condensed distance matrix. num_obs_dm(d) Returns the number of original observations that correspond to a square, redundant distance matrix. num_obs_y(Y) Returns the number of original observations that correspond to a condensed distance matrix.

Distance functions between two vectors u and v. Computing distances over a large collection of vectors is inefficient for these functions. Use pdist for this purpose.

 braycurtis(u, v) Computes the Bray-Curtis distance between two 1-D arrays. canberra(u, v) Computes the Canberra distance between two 1-D arrays. chebyshev(u, v) Computes the Chebyshev distance. cityblock(u, v) Computes the City Block (Manhattan) distance. correlation(u, v) Computes the correlation distance between two 1-D arrays. cosine(u, v) Computes the Cosine distance between 1-D arrays. dice(u, v) Computes the Dice dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. euclidean(u, v) Computes the Euclidean distance between two 1-D arrays. hamming(u, v) Computes the Hamming distance between two 1-D arrays. jaccard(u, v) Computes the Jaccard-Needham dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. kulsinski(u, v) Computes the Kulsinski dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. mahalanobis(u, v, VI) Computes the Mahalanobis distance between two 1-D arrays. matching(u, v) Computes the Matching dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. minkowski(u, v, p) Computes the Minkowski distance between two 1-D arrays. rogerstanimoto(u, v) Computes the Rogers-Tanimoto dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. russellrao(u, v) Computes the Russell-Rao dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. seuclidean(u, v, V) Returns the standardized Euclidean distance between two 1-D arrays. sokalmichener(u, v) Computes the Sokal-Michener dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. sokalsneath(u, v) Computes the Sokal-Sneath dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. sqeuclidean(u, v) Computes the squared Euclidean distance between two 1-D arrays. wminkowski(u, v, p, w) Computes the weighted Minkowski distance between two 1-D arrays. yule(u, v) Computes the Yule dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays.

Functions

 braycurtis(u, v) Computes the Bray-Curtis distance between two 1-D arrays. callable((object) -> bool) Return whether the object is callable (i.e., some kind of function). canberra(u, v) Computes the Canberra distance between two 1-D arrays. cdist(XA, XB[, metric, p, V, VI, w]) Computes distance between each pair of the two collections of inputs. chebyshev(u, v) Computes the Chebyshev distance. cityblock(u, v) Computes the City Block (Manhattan) distance. correlation(u, v) Computes the correlation distance between two 1-D arrays. cosine(u, v) Computes the Cosine distance between 1-D arrays. dice(u, v) Computes the Dice dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. euclidean(u, v) Computes the Euclidean distance between two 1-D arrays. hamming(u, v) Computes the Hamming distance between two 1-D arrays. is_valid_dm(D[, tol, throw, name, warning]) Returns True if input array is a valid distance matrix. is_valid_y(y[, warning, throw, name]) Returns True if the input array is a valid condensed distance matrix. jaccard(u, v) Computes the Jaccard-Needham dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. kulsinski(u, v) Computes the Kulsinski dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. mahalanobis(u, v, VI) Computes the Mahalanobis distance between two 1-D arrays. matching(u, v) Computes the Matching dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. minkowski(u, v, p) Computes the Minkowski distance between two 1-D arrays. norm(x[, ord]) Matrix or vector norm. num_obs_dm(d) Returns the number of original observations that correspond to a square, redundant distance matrix. num_obs_y(Y) Returns the number of original observations that correspond to a condensed distance matrix. pdist(X[, metric, p, w, V, VI]) Pairwise distances between observations in n-dimensional space. rogerstanimoto(u, v) Computes the Rogers-Tanimoto dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. russellrao(u, v) Computes the Russell-Rao dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. seuclidean(u, v, V) Returns the standardized Euclidean distance between two 1-D arrays. sokalmichener(u, v) Computes the Sokal-Michener dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. sokalsneath(u, v) Computes the Sokal-Sneath dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays. sqeuclidean(u, v) Computes the squared Euclidean distance between two 1-D arrays. squareform(X[, force, checks]) Converts a vector-form distance vector to a square-form distance matrix, and vice-versa. wminkowski(u, v, p, w) Computes the weighted Minkowski distance between two 1-D arrays. yule(u, v) Computes the Yule dissimilarity between two boolean 1-D arrays.

Classes

 xrange xrange(stop) -> xrange object