SciPy

scipy.ndimage.morphology.grey_opening

scipy.ndimage.morphology.grey_opening(input, size=None, footprint=None, structure=None, output=None, mode='reflect', cval=0.0, origin=0)[source]

Multi-dimensional greyscale opening.

A greyscale opening consists in the succession of a greyscale erosion, and a greyscale dilation.

Parameters :

input : array_like

Array over which the grayscale opening is to be computed.

size : tuple of ints

Shape of a flat and full structuring element used for the grayscale opening. Optional if footprint or structure is provided.

footprint : array of ints, optional

Positions of non-infinite elements of a flat structuring element used for the grayscale opening.

structure : array of ints, optional

Structuring element used for the grayscale opening. structure may be a non-flat structuring element.

output : array, optional

An array used for storing the ouput of the opening may be provided.

mode : {‘reflect’, ‘constant’, ‘nearest’, ‘mirror’, ‘wrap’}, optional

The mode parameter determines how the array borders are handled, where cval is the value when mode is equal to ‘constant’. Default is ‘reflect’

cval : scalar, optional

Value to fill past edges of input if mode is ‘constant’. Default is 0.0.

origin : scalar, optional

The origin parameter controls the placement of the filter. Default 0

Returns :

grey_opening : ndarray

Result of the grayscale opening of input with structure.

Notes

The action of a grayscale opening with a flat structuring element amounts to smoothen high local maxima, whereas binary opening erases small objects.

References

[R92]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathematical_morphology

Examples

>>> a = np.arange(36).reshape((6,6))
>>> a[3, 3] = 50
>>> a
array([[ 0,  1,  2,  3,  4,  5],
       [ 6,  7,  8,  9, 10, 11],
       [12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17],
       [18, 19, 20, 50, 22, 23],
       [24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29],
       [30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35]])
>>> ndimage.grey_opening(a, size=(3,3))
array([[ 0,  1,  2,  3,  4,  4],
       [ 6,  7,  8,  9, 10, 10],
       [12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 16],
       [18, 19, 20, 22, 22, 22],
       [24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 28],
       [24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 28]])
>>> # Note that the local maximum a[3,3] has disappeared