(L, M) = leaders(Z, T):
Returns the root nodes in a hierarchical clustering corresponding to a cut defined by a flat cluster assignment vector T. See the fcluster function for more information on the format of T.
For each flat cluster of the flat clusters represented in the n-sized flat cluster assignment vector T, this function finds the lowest cluster node in the linkage tree Z such that:
- leaf descendents belong only to flat cluster j (i.e. T[p]==j for all in where is the set of leaf ids of leaf nodes descendent with cluster node )
- there does not exist a leaf that is not descendent with that also belongs to cluster (i.e. T[q]!=j for all not in ). If this condition is violated, T is not a valid cluster assignment vector, and an exception will be thrown.