Integrate y(x) using samples along the given axis and the composite Simpson’s rule. If x is None, spacing of dx is assumed.
If there are an even number of samples, N, then there are an odd number of intervals (N-1), but Simpson’s rule requires an even number of intervals. The parameter ‘even’ controls how this is handled as follows:
quad - adaptive quadrature using QUADPACK romberg - adaptive Romberg quadrature quadrature - adaptive Gaussian quadrature fixed_quad - fixed-order Gaussian quadrature dblquad, tplquad - double and triple integrals romb, trapz - integrators for sampled data cumtrapz - cumulative integration for sampled data ode, odeint - ODE integrators