# scipy.optimize.fmin_bfgs¶

scipy.optimize.fmin_bfgs(f, x0, fprime=None, args=(), gtol=1e-05, norm=inf, epsilon=1.4901161193847656e-08, maxiter=None, full_output=0, disp=1, retall=0, callback=None)[source]

Minimize a function using the BFGS algorithm.

Parameters : Returns : f : callable f(x,*args) Objective function to be minimized. x0 : ndarray Initial guess. fprime : callable f’(x,*args), optional Gradient of f. args : tuple, optional Extra arguments passed to f and fprime. gtol : float, optional Gradient norm must be less than gtol before succesful termination. norm : float, optional Order of norm (Inf is max, -Inf is min) epsilon : int or ndarray, optional If fprime is approximated, use this value for the step size. callback : callable, optional An optional user-supplied function to call after each iteration. Called as callback(xk), where xk is the current parameter vector. xopt : ndarray Parameters which minimize f, i.e. f(xopt) == fopt. fopt : float Minimum value. gopt : ndarray Value of gradient at minimum, f’(xopt), which should be near 0. Bopt : ndarray Value of 1/f’‘(xopt), i.e. the inverse hessian matrix. func_calls : int Number of function_calls made. grad_calls : int Number of gradient calls made. warnflag : integer 1 : Maximum number of iterations exceeded. 2 : Gradient and/or function calls not changing. allvecs : list Results at each iteration. Only returned if retall is True. maxiter : int Maximum number of iterations to perform. full_output : bool If True,return fopt, func_calls, grad_calls, and warnflag in addition to xopt. disp : bool Print convergence message if True. retall : bool Return a list of results at each iteration if True.

minimize
Interface to minimization algorithms for multivariate functions. See the ‘BFGS’ method in particular.

Notes

Optimize the function, f, whose gradient is given by fprime using the quasi-Newton method of Broyden, Fletcher, Goldfarb, and Shanno (BFGS)

References

Wright, and Nocedal ‘Numerical Optimization’, 1999, pg. 198.

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