Calculates a point biserial correlation coefficient and the associated p-value.
The point biserial correlation is used to measure the relationship between a binary variable, x, and a continuous variable, y. Like other correlation coefficients, this one varies between -1 and +1 with 0 implying no correlation. Correlations of -1 or +1 imply a determinative relationship.
This function uses a shortcut formula but produces the same result as pearsonr.
x : array_like of bools
r : float
Missing values are considered pair-wise: if a value is missing in x, the corresponding value in y is masked.
>>> from scipy import stats >>> a = np.array([0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1]) >>> b = np.arange(7) >>> stats.pointbiserialr(a, b) (0.8660254037844386, 0.011724811003954652) >>> stats.pearsonr(a, b) (0.86602540378443871, 0.011724811003954626) >>> np.corrcoef(a, b) array([[ 1. , 0.8660254], [ 0.8660254, 1. ]])