# numpy.tile¶

numpy.tile(A, reps)[source]

Construct an array by repeating A the number of times given by reps.

If reps has length d, the result will have dimension of max(d, A.ndim).

If A.ndim < d, A is promoted to be d-dimensional by prepending new axes. So a shape (3,) array is promoted to (1, 3) for 2-D replication, or shape (1, 1, 3) for 3-D replication. If this is not the desired behavior, promote A to d-dimensions manually before calling this function.

If A.ndim > d, reps is promoted to A.ndim by pre-pending 1’s to it. Thus for an A of shape (2, 3, 4, 5), a reps of (2, 2) is treated as (1, 1, 2, 2).

Note : Although tile may be used for broadcasting, it is strongly recommended to use numpy’s broadcasting operations and functions.

Parameters: A : array_like The input array. reps : array_like The number of repetitions of A along each axis. c : ndarray The tiled output array.

repeat
Repeat elements of an array.
Broadcast an array to a new shape

Examples

```>>> a = np.array([0, 1, 2])
>>> np.tile(a, 2)
array([0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 2])
>>> np.tile(a, (2, 2))
array([[0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 2],
[0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 2]])
>>> np.tile(a, (2, 1, 2))
array([[[0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 2]],
[[0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 2]]])
```
```>>> b = np.array([[1, 2], [3, 4]])
>>> np.tile(b, 2)
array([[1, 2, 1, 2],
[3, 4, 3, 4]])
>>> np.tile(b, (2, 1))
array([[1, 2],
[3, 4],
[1, 2],
[3, 4]])
```
```>>> c = np.array([1,2,3,4])
>>> np.tile(c,(4,1))
array([[1, 2, 3, 4],
[1, 2, 3, 4],
[1, 2, 3, 4],
[1, 2, 3, 4]])
```

numpy.vsplit

numpy.repeat