numpy.polynomial.hermite.hermvander(x, deg)[source]

Pseudo-Vandermonde matrix of given degree.

Returns the pseudo-Vandermonde matrix of degree deg and sample points x. The pseudo-Vandermonde matrix is defined by

V[..., i] = H_i(x),

where 0 <= i <= deg. The leading indices of V index the elements of x and the last index is the degree of the Hermite polynomial.

If c is a 1-D array of coefficients of length n + 1 and V is the array V = hermvander(x, n), then, c) and hermval(x, c) are the same up to roundoff. This equivalence is useful both for least squares fitting and for the evaluation of a large number of Hermite series of the same degree and sample points.


x : array_like

Array of points. The dtype is converted to float64 or complex128 depending on whether any of the elements are complex. If x is scalar it is converted to a 1-D array.

deg : int

Degree of the resulting matrix.


vander : ndarray

The pseudo-Vandermonde matrix. The shape of the returned matrix is x.shape + (deg + 1,), where The last index is the degree of the corresponding Hermite polynomial. The dtype will be the same as the converted x.


>>> from numpy.polynomial.hermite import hermvander
>>> x = np.array([-1, 0, 1])
>>> hermvander(x, 3)
array([[ 1., -2.,  2.,  4.],
       [ 1.,  0., -2., -0.],
       [ 1.,  2.,  2., -4.]])