SciPy

numpy.linspace

numpy.linspace(start, stop, num=50, endpoint=True, retstep=False, dtype=None)[source]

Return evenly spaced numbers over a specified interval.

Returns num evenly spaced samples, calculated over the interval [start, stop ].

The endpoint of the interval can optionally be excluded.

Parameters :

start : scalar

The starting value of the sequence.

stop : scalar

The end value of the sequence, unless endpoint is set to False. In that case, the sequence consists of all but the last of num + 1 evenly spaced samples, so that stop is excluded. Note that the step size changes when endpoint is False.

num : int, optional

Number of samples to generate. Default is 50.

endpoint : bool, optional

If True, stop is the last sample. Otherwise, it is not included. Default is True.

retstep : bool, optional

If True, return (samples, step), where step is the spacing between samples.

dtype : dtype

The type of the output array. If dtype is not given, infer the data type from the other input arguments.

Returns :

samples : ndarray

There are num equally spaced samples in the closed interval [start, stop] or the half-open interval [start, stop) (depending on whether endpoint is True or False).

step : float (only if retstep is True)

Size of spacing between samples.

See also

arange
Similar to linspace, but uses a step size (instead of the number of samples).
logspace
Samples uniformly distributed in log space.

Examples

>>> np.linspace(2.0, 3.0, num=5)
    array([ 2.  ,  2.25,  2.5 ,  2.75,  3.  ])
>>> np.linspace(2.0, 3.0, num=5, endpoint=False)
    array([ 2. ,  2.2,  2.4,  2.6,  2.8])
>>> np.linspace(2.0, 3.0, num=5, retstep=True)
    (array([ 2.  ,  2.25,  2.5 ,  2.75,  3.  ]), 0.25)

Graphical illustration:

>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> N = 8
>>> y = np.zeros(N)
>>> x1 = np.linspace(0, 10, N, endpoint=True)
>>> x2 = np.linspace(0, 10, N, endpoint=False)
>>> plt.plot(x1, y, 'o')
[<matplotlib.lines.Line2D object at 0x...>]
>>> plt.plot(x2, y + 0.5, 'o')
[<matplotlib.lines.Line2D object at 0x...>]
>>> plt.ylim([-0.5, 1])
(-0.5, 1)
>>> plt.show()

(Source code, png, pdf)

../../_images/numpy-linspace-1.png

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