Pseudo-Vandermonde matrix of given degrees.
Returns the pseudo-Vandermonde matrix of degrees deg and sample points (x, y, z). If l, m, n are the given degrees in x, y, z, then The pseudo-Vandermonde matrix is defined by
where 0 <= i <= l, 0 <= j <= m, and 0 <= j <= n. The leading indices of V index the points (x, y, z) and the last index encodes the powers of x, y, and z.
If V = polyvander3d(x, y, z, [xdeg, ydeg, zdeg]), then the columns of V correspond to the elements of a 3-D coefficient array c of shape (xdeg + 1, ydeg + 1, zdeg + 1) in the order
and np.dot(V, c.flat) and polyval3d(x, y, z, c) will be the same up to roundoff. This equivalence is useful both for least squares fitting and for the evaluation of a large number of 3-D polynomials of the same degrees and sample points.
x, y, z : array_like
deg : list of ints
vander3d : ndarray