Standard Cauchy distribution with mode = 0.
Also known as the Lorentz distribution.
size : int or tuple of ints
samples : ndarray or scalar
The probability density function for the full Cauchy distribution is
and the Standard Cauchy distribution just sets and
The Cauchy distribution arises in the solution to the driven harmonic oscillator problem, and also describes spectral line broadening. It also describes the distribution of values at which a line tilted at a random angle will cut the x axis.
When studying hypothesis tests that assume normality, seeing how the tests perform on data from a Cauchy distribution is a good indicator of their sensitivity to a heavy-tailed distribution, since the Cauchy looks very much like a Gaussian distribution, but with heavier tails.
Draw samples and plot the distribution:
>>> s = np.random.standard_cauchy(1000000) >>> s = s[(s>-25) & (s<25)] # truncate distribution so it plots well >>> plt.hist(s, bins=100) >>> plt.show()