Trigonometric inverse cosine, elementwise.
The inverse of cos so that, if y = cos(x), then x = arccos(y).
Parameters:  x : array_like


Returns:  angle : ndarray

Notes
arccos is a multivalued function: for each x there are infinitely many numbers z such that cos(z) = x. The convention is to return the angle z whose real part lies in [0, pi].
For realvalued input data types, arccos always returns real output. For each value that cannot be expressed as a real number or infinity, it yields nan and sets the invalid floating point error flag.
For complexvalued input, arccos is a complex analytical function that has branch cuts [inf, 1] and [1, inf] and is continuous from above on the former and from below on the latter.
The inverse cos is also known as acos or cos^1.
References
[3]  M. Abramowitz and I.A. Stegun, “Handbook of Mathematical Functions”, 10th printing, 1964, pp. 79. http://www.math.sfu.ca/~cbm/aands/ 
[3]  Wikipedia, “Inverse trigonometric function”, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arccos 
Examples
We expect the arccos of 1 to be 0, and of 1 to be pi:
>>> np.arccos([1, 1])
array([ 0. , 3.14159265])
Plot arccos:
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> x = np.linspace(1, 1, num=100)
>>> plt.plot(x, np.arccos(x))
>>> plt.axis('tight')
>>> plt.show()